Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO)
The fifth RIPCO research day, focused on "well-being/malaise at work," brought together 93 participants and featured 35 presentations from 63 international contributors at the ICN campus in Paris-La Défense on June 6, 2024, and the editorial committee is considering transforming this annual event into a two-day academic congress. SUBMIT
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Volume X • Issue 22 • 2004 (Already published)
(Regular issue)
Practice psychosociological and politics
Issue content
Title :  Introduction
Author(s) :  Jean, Dubost ; André, Lévy
Pages :  5 - 9
DOI :  10.3917/rips.022.0005
Type :  Introduction
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Title :  A group of psychosociologists confronted to a “political” event
Author(s) :  Franca, Manoukian
Abstract :  A group of Italian psychosociologists belonging to a training and consulting organization is confronted with the fact that the dates of its annual conference – an important meeting for its clients – coincide with a nation-wide general strike that unions have declared at the last minute. This coincidence produces many tensions, actions and reactions, brings to the fore the underlying representations of the relations between professional and political dimensions and raises questions about the political positions of individuals as well as those of the group as a whole. The article proposes an analysis of these vicissitudes. It explores the meaning of psychosociological work in the present Italian political context and, at the same time, shows how attitudes towards politics affect psychosociologists’ orientations, projects and practices.
Pages :  10 - 24
DOI :  10.3917/rips.022.0010
Type :  Research paper
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Title :  Psychosociology and politics: EDF-GDF
Author(s) :  Jean, Dubost
Abstract :  The case of EDF-GDF is of interest to French psychosociology because it represents one of the main sites where it was born as praxis. The time it has lasted makes it possible to study the relations between the historical and political context, the evolution of the double public firm and the activities of the group of consultants created and led by Guy Palmade. Studying the links between these three aspects should help to make clear the relation of our practices to politics. The author’s rapid testimony outlines hypotheses for research which still has to be done.
Pages :  25 - 33
DOI :  10.3917/rips.022.0025
Type :  Research paper
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Title :  Psychosocial interventions and social policies
Author(s) :  Marília Novais da Mata, Machado
Abstract :  A parallel look at, on the one hand, four decades of psychosocial intervention and, on the other, the social and community practices set in motion by the authorities, allows us to see similarities between these two ways of treating social issues in Brazil, and their shortcomings. Whereas psychosocial intervention, using analytical measures, turned towards the autonomy of individuals, groups, organisations and communities, starts from non-knowledge about social issues, social policies, following institutionalised, bureaucratic steps, start from technical, rational and universal knowledge. In the paternalistic, authoritarian context of Brazilian society which is still dominated by the “hostess awareness of the oppressor”, according to Paulo Freire, these differences become important.
Pages :  34 - 40
DOI :  10.3917/rips.022.0034
Type :  Research paper
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Title :  Psychosociology, a counter-power?
Author(s) :  André, Lévy
Abstract :  Can practices of psychosociology have an actual political role – i.e. on the organization of the powers which conduct a society? In other words, can psychosociology be defined as a counter-power? Answering this question is measuring the distance or the contradictions between professional and political practices. But it is also questioning the real meaning, on the political level, of acts carried out as an answer to requests for help, made by groups or organizations, with the everlasting objective, set on the horizon, of ensuring a democratization of social practices, seen as a process committing persons in their capacity as subjects.
Pages :  41 - 50
DOI :  10.3917/rips.022.0041
Type :  Research paper
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Title :  Policy tested by psychiatry
Author(s) :  Jean-Pierre, Martin
Abstract :  The neo-liberal choices to reduce public deficits, accompanied by an increased commercialisation of health care, and the model of the hospital-firm are expressed everywhere in the destruction of public health care facilities and an alteration of the quality of care. These choices can only mobilise health care professionals, users and elected representatives in a resistance and defence of local health care that the sector policy has made possible in many places. But policy is also being tested by psychiatry in these practices that have been developed among the population, which are references to what could be a policy of transition aiming to go beyond a system where everything is all hospital and medical towards a clinic based on situations of psychiatric suffering and the reconstruction of the social link with the political and social actors, inaugurating a democratic, citizen psychiatry.
Pages :  51 - 63
DOI :  10.3917/rips.022.0051
Type :  Research paper
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Title :  The challenges of disinstitutionalisation in psychiatry: the example of a sector
Author(s) :  Izabel, Friche Passos
Abstract :  This article presents a case study about a French experiment in the psychiatric sector which is highly representative of a real deconstruction of the traditional asylum institution. It involves Sector 59G21 in the suburbs of Lille. The experiment in this sector was taken as a counter-example of the more general panorama of French public psychiatry today, which has been studied as the subject of a doctoral thesis, presented at the Catholic University in São Paulo, in Brazil. In this text the author discusses the problematic dimensions of the process of disinstitutionalisation in psychiatry that are taking place in the contemporary Western world.
Pages :  64 - 75
DOI :  10.3917/rips.022.0064
Type :  Research paper
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Title :  The consultant in organisation: service provider and/or political actor?
Author(s) :  Emmanuelle, Lévy ; Marcel, Lepetit
Abstract :  By analysing a few examples, chosen because they involve classic problems of work organisation and because they bring politics into play (by the type of theme treated, the type of sponsor organisation and the social context of the intervention), we try to analyse in what way our interventions are acts of a political nature: the position of an intervening third party and the production of third party objects as supports for the construction of a new meaning and a new project, which depend, more or less consciously for the client as well as for the consultant, on values and stakes of civilisation. Although this conception of the profession constitutes an objective to be reached, it is however not always easy or possible to implement, which can then create disappointment in the consultant.
Pages :  76 - 90
DOI :  10.3917/rips.022.0076
Type :  Research paper
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Title :  Hypermodernity, clinic and politics
Author(s) :  Max, Pagès
Abstract :  The author analyzes differences in theories of hypermodern Society. He opposes to a radical approach a dialectical one, which has important political consequences in terms of managing conflicts. He then compares this theoretical reflection to his experience of psychosociologial intervention. It has evolved over the years from a revolutionary attitude to a clinical one, closer to the therapeutic model, transposed to a collective system. Psychosociology then becomes holder of a political model of its own, a model of radical moderation, which aims at developing autonomy through the dialectic of confronting contradictions.
Pages :  91 - 104
DOI :  10.3917/rips.022.0091
Type :  Research paper
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Title :  From industrial democracy to participative democracy
Author(s) :  Oscar, Ortsman
Abstract :  Two streams of direct democracy started in the years 1960-1970. Successively, Industrial Democracy then Participative Democracy. Industrial Democracy, implemented in Norway, was inspired by the socio-technical group of research from the Tavistock Institute, in London. Participative Democracy originally took off in the town of Porto Alegre in Brazil. The need for Direct Democracy is currently stronger in town districts than in companies. In Paris, for example, 121 groups for Participative Democracy have been implemented in the capital’s 20 districts. There is a need for psychosociologists to know better how they could enrich and diversify their interventions, their researches and action-researches with a view to understanding, discussing, involving themselves as participants or group leaders, disseminating and strengthening such evolutions.
Pages :  105 - 113
DOI :  10.3917/rips.022.0105
Type :  Research paper
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Title :  Some political aspects of psychosociological training within the French school system
Author(s) :  Catherine, Yelnik
Abstract :  This article, about training sessions within the school system conducted with a psychosociological approach, points out two specific aspects in which politics are at stake. One is the question of authority, which refers to the education and socialisation roles of school, and questions its values and its conception of citizenship. The other aspect concerns the aims, (for example, to encourage co-operation between the actors of the establishment) or the modes of action – active methods, thinking together, taking into account the complexity of situations. These go against individualism, and the vertical, hierarchical pattern of relationships which prevail in the school culture.
Pages :  114 - 121
DOI :  10.3917/rips.022.0114
Type :  Research paper
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Title :  Psychosociology and the government of “Territories”
Author(s) :  Danièle, Weiss ; Jean-Pierre, Halter ; Patrice, Lorrot
Abstract :  Although the participation of citizens in decisions that affect them is evoked in all the texts in France relating, in particular, to policies in towns, it often remains incantatory in speeches. Because of its history and its methodological approach, psychosociology is able to provide solutions for the government of territories. There are several reasons for this: nothing that affects a place, a district, a town, no phenomenon can be analysed in isolation and therefore requires a composite approach. Over a territory the stakes and powers are many and call for coherence in strategy. Lastly, it is necessary to differentiate the positions of the actors as agents of an institution, representatives of a group or subjects. For all these reasons, psychosociology, also because of its non-partisan commitment, is in a good position to intervene in territories.
Pages :  122 - 132
DOI :  10.3917/rips.022.0122
Type :  Research paper
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Title :  Politics at the heart of intervention in an urban context
Author(s) :  Joëlle, Bordet
Abstract :  In this article we analyse how social and political aspects are at the heart of psychosocial intervention in an urban context. With reference to our work carried out at the CSTB (Centre Scientifique et Technique du Bâtiment), a research organisation which is heavily involved in the definition and the implementation of public policies, we analyse the relations of the psychosociologist and the politician in an intervention taking place in an urban context. The aim of this intervention was to help professionals in education to fight against the violence to which young people are subjected but also that they produce in a large housing development. As a conclusion we emphasise the importance for the psychosociologist of analysing these links with politics, and how that becomes a working object of the intervention.
Pages :  133 - 142
DOI :  10.3917/rips.022.0133
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:
Title :  Fight against exclusion or contain it?
Author(s) :  Bernard, Champagne
Abstract :  Assisting the poor is an obligation of the nation in modern states. Taking the work of G. Simmel as my basis, I shall show that this obligation protects society much more than the poor. Today arrangements for aid, of which the RMI (Revenu Minimum d’Insertion) is a symbol, produce paradoxical effects. They fix the poor in their situation rather than getting them out of it. They instrumentalise the professionals who are confronted with the loss of the meaning of their work leading to their suffering and wear. As a conclusion to the article, some thoughts about how to get out of the paradoxes in terms of prospects for action are proposed.
Keywords:  exclusion
Pages :  143 - 157
DOI :  10.3917/rips.022.0143
Type :  Research paper
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Title :  Working in a context of job-seeking
Author(s) :  Isabelle, Pautrat
Abstract :  This article aims to present work which is possible in a context of fighting against exclusion, more particularly in the field of work and professional insertion. It attempts to point out the limits and the difficulties of positioning encountered by professionals. What are the risks of the contractualisation of efforts at insertion when there is no employment? What help in spite of everything can be provided to a public in a position of great job insecurity?
Pages :  158 - 166
DOI :  10.3917/rips.022.0158
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:
Title :  A psychosociological perspective of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict
Author(s) :  Dan, Bar-On
Abstract :  With references to research and action-research carried out over many years involving descendents of Nazi torturers and survivors of the Holocaust, the author, co-founder of PRIME (Peace Research Institute for the Middle East), analyses the psychological processes that feed and perpetuate, from generation to generation, inter-community conflicts and more particularly the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Various actions carried out in this perspective illustrate the way in which it is possible to make these conflicts evolve, by dialogue and by lifting the silence on past trauma, and the deconstruction of monolithic identities founded on the negation of the other and the division of the world into good and bad, victims and tormenters.
Pages :  167 - 174
DOI :  10.3917/rips.022.0167
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:
Title :  Jeannet-Hasler, M. (2002). Thérapie contre théorie? : les enjeux d'un concours. Presses universitaires de France.
Author(s) :  Florence, Giust-Desprairies
Pages :  175 - 176
DOI :  10.3917/rips.022.0175
Type :  Book review
URL Cairn:
Title :  Palmade, J., & Aymard, N. (2003). L'incertitude comme norme: identités et parcours professionnels. Presses universitaires de France.
Author(s) :  Jean-François, Chanlat
Pages :  177 - 179
DOI :  10.3917/rips.022.0175
Type :  Book review
URL Cairn:
Title :  Florence, G. D. (2003). L’imaginaire collectif. Éditions Erès.
Author(s) :  Olivier, Fressard
Pages :  180 - 184
DOI :  10.3917/rips.022.0175
Type :  Book review
URL Cairn:
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